For green chop or silage, sorghum/sudan grass hybrids are better than sudangrass because of their larger plant growth and higher production per acre. COPYRIGHT INFORMATION. The yields illustrate that with proper management and good growing conditions, grain sorghum is capable of producing extremely high yields. Sorghum’s ability to tiller gives growers a lot of flexibility in seeding rates. Seeding rates range from about 60,000 to 80,000 seeds per acre. Irrigated sorghum with adequate plant density (48,000 plants/acre), average number of tillers per plant of 1.3, and good yield environment with adequate flowering and grain filling periods: (48 plants in 17.4 foot -1/1000th of an acre- x 1.3 fertile tillers per plant) = 62 heads Maximum yield of sorghum-sudangrass is obtained if stubble height is maintained at 10 inches to allow for regrowth to originate from terminal buds rather than from buds at the base of the plant. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. Increase Dryland Corn or Grain Sorghum Yields by 35 Bushel per Acre by Controlling Weeds in Wheat Stubble July 10, 2020. For dairy quality feed, BMR sudangrass is preferred. Yield is determined by the interaction of three components: number of grain kernels per panicle, weight of the individual grain kernels and number of panicles per acre. By Ignacio A. Ciampitti, Extension crop production and cropping systems specialist. Germination percentage is listed at 85 percent on seed bags as mandated by seed labeling laws. Manures and Fertilization in Sorghum or Jowar Farming:-The main field should be added with 10 to15 tone of Farm … The top yield in the 2004 yield contest was an amazing 213 bushels per acre. Head formation takes place after the 8-leaf stage and adequate N is needed at that stage to produce maximum yields. In order to best estimate the yield potential of grain sorghum, we need to understand the main plant components of sorghum yield. Sorghum is 8 inches on average. Sorghum for syrup can be planted with a corn planter or with a grain drill at a rate of 10 to 15 lb/acre. High-yielding grain sorghum begins with a balanced fertility program. Alcohol production from stem could be calculated according to alcohol degree fermented from juice of stem. At that price, times the average government yield estimate of 73 bpa, sorghum revenue would average nearly $244 per acre. However, yields of TDN (total digestible nutrients) per acre are usually lower from forage sorghums than from corn. per acre in the same field, so the overall need for nitrogen is less.” I look forward to meeting each one at the upcoming Commodity Classic,” said NSP board of directors Chairman Don Bloss. It requires only 40-60 lbs of nitrogen per acre. Seed sudangrass, sorghum-sudangrass, and foxtail millet at 15 to 25 pounds of seed per acre. This is about 3-4 seeds per foot of row in 30 inch rows and translates into about 5 pounds of seed per acre. “Congratulations to the 2017 NSP Yield Contest Winners. USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. On average, corn yields annually increase an average of 1.82 bushels per acre, according to an analysis by Scott Irwin and Darrel Good, University of Illinois agricultural economics. The juice yield per hectare of sweet sorghum could be calculated according to the yield of fresh stem and juice rate. Sweet sorghum's energy-savings and value emerge in several ways: The crop only needs 12-15 inches of rain during the growing season to make a crop. On very droughty soils, or if subsoil moisture is very low, grain sorghum may out yield corn. 120 to 150 pounds of N per acre is adequate to produce maximum yields. It is important to read the information on the bag tag to accurately calculate the number of acres each 50-pound bag will plant, based on projected seeds per acre. Sorghums, sudangrass and sorghum/sudan hybrids should be seeded about June 1 at a depth of 1 to 2.5 inches (2.5 to 4 cm). Planting depth is 0.75 to 1.25 inches. Table 2.4 showed that alcohol production from stem for Keller, Wray, Rio and Shennong No.2 was similar. Consider the 204.5-bushel-per-acre entry from Greensburg, Kansas, farmers Ki and Kim Gamble, on an irrigated farm featuring Pioneer’s 84G62 hybrid. Minnesota research shows little response to planting rates of 20,000 to 80,000 plants/acre for sugar yield. In the world of crop yield contests, corn and soybeans garner the headlines. For heavy clay soils, increase N by 20 to 30 lbs/acre. Use the lower rates in dry areas and higher rates in humid and irrigated areas. Sorghum growers from 24 states entered to win this year’s National Sorghum Producer Yield Contest, with this year’s top yield at 228.07 bushels per acre. Harvested at the correct stage with good fertility, these crops, particularly BMR types, have high digestible energy and crude protein levels of 15 – 20%. Four producers had yields over 200 bushels per acre. Brown Mid Rib Trait or BMR. Splitting N is advisable; apply 1/3 at planting and the remainder when plants are in the 4- to 6-leaf stage. National Sorghum Producers is proud to announce a new U.S. dryland sorghum yield record has been set at 245.86 bushels per acre by Ella Johnston of Fulton County, Pennsylvania, in the 35th National Sorghum Yield Contest. In these studies, sorghum yields were maximized at 25,000 plants per acre (optimum between 20,000 to 30,000 plants per acre) in western Kansas at 17 inches annual precipitation; 40,000 in central Kansas at 30 inches annual precipitation; and 50,000 in eastern Kansas at 32 inches annual precipitation. Seed rate and Sowing in Sorghum or Jowar Farming:-Seed rate of 35-40 kg per hectare is well enough and sowing should be carried out by drilling @ row-to-row distance of 25 cm. Yield expectations under optimal weather conditions, management, and timely seeding are 3 – 4 tonnes or more of dry matter per acre. in sandy soil. With lower commodity prices than typical, Santini said his operation is careful to use only what is necessary to produce an effective crop. A 50 Kilogram bag of CAN costs between Sh1600 to Sh1800 in agro vets. in medium or heavy soil or 1 1/2 in. Sorghum for grain is forecast at 237 million bushels, up 16% from last year. Area for harvest, at 2.76 million acres, is up 15% from 2019. 11/10/20 Crop Production (November 2020) 10/09/20 Crop Production (October 2020) 09/30/20 Small Grains and Stocks (September 2020) 09 ... Sorghum: Production per Acre by County ~ Providing Timely, Accurate and Useful Statistics in Service to U.S. Agriculture ~ NASS Home | USDA.gov | Data.gov | USA.gov | WhiteHouse.gov | Economics, Statistics and Market Information System (ESMIS) | No Fear … per acre sorghum is probably more like 160 bu. If corn consistently yields below 114 bushels per acre, sorghum can be a better economic choice.” How to grow it Breeding is one area in which sorghum has paled compared with corn. Generally, forage sorghum silage has 75% to 85% of the energy value of corn silage per unit of dry matter, while other summer annual grasses have 60% to 80% percent of the value of corn silage. 2019 Arkansas Grain Sorghum Quick Facts Dr. Jason Kelley –Extension Agronomist –Wheat and Feed Grains –Program Associate Corn and Grain Sorghum VerificationChuck Capps 2018 Facts: 12,000 acres harvested 80 bushel per acre state average yield Average dates in 2018 GSRVP Yield potential and economics of grain sorghum must be compared to corn to determine whether or not grain sorghum offers an advantage. Sorghum-Sudan Hybrids, Crabgrass) tons 4-8 . Sorghum, on the other hand ranged from 160 to 140 bushels per acre. One month after sowing, top dress the crop with Calcium Ammonium Nitrate at the rate of 14 kilograms per acre. The sorghum family regrows after cutting or grazing. Therefore, it is suitable for dryland production or limited irrigation. Ella Johnston of Fulton County, Pennsylvania, set the record in the 35th National Sorghum Yield Contest. Seeding depth should be 1 in. Sorghum-sudangrass and sudangrass had more similar yields using either one or two harvests than other sorghum types due to greater tiller production than the forage sorghums. The average yield for sweet sorghum is 175 gallons per acre; however, yields can go as high as 200 to 300 gallons per acre. Robert Klein - Emeritus Extension Professor | Cody Creech - Dryland Cropping Systems Specialist. “The difference is in yield, where corn might yield 200 bu. Farmers who participate in the National Sorghum Producers Yield Contest, however, achieve impressive yields, too. Sorghum is often planted in 30 inch rows but could be planted in 15 or 20 inch rows to maximize production potential. Sorghum-sudangrass can produce 4 to 8 tons of forage per acre when harvested to a 6- to 10-inch stubble. Crops Information Table 2. The main yield-driving factors are: Number of plants, Number of tillers per plant, Total number of seeds per head, and; Seeds per pound. Higher seeding rates will help produce finer stems, which is often desirable for pasture and hay. But the crop once again proved its impressive versatility this year, after sorghum grower Ella Johnston, of Fulton County, Pennsylvania, set a new U.S. record for dryland sorghum production with a field that hit 245.86 bushels per acre (bpa), in the National Sorghum Producer’s 2020 Sorghum Yield Contest. EABL buys a kilo of the crop at Sh30. It should be harvested each time the accumulated growth reaches a height of 24 to 36 inches. National Sorghum Producers is proud to announce that a new U.S. dryland sorghum yield record is 245.86 bushels per acre. Irrigation Management. ... Corie Shaner, and Danny Greene for their overall support of the 1997 Sorghum Yield Testing program. Although sorghum was difficult to get planted in the 2019 growing season, regular moisture helped Dryland-Tillage East and 2019 Bin Buster winner Santino Santini grow a fantastic sorghum crop yielding almost 213 bushels per acre. Plant population was thinned to six plants per foot shortly after emergence resulting in approximately 100,000 plants per acre. In addition, the single harvest yields at Hancock were 3 to 4 tons of DM per acre greater than at Marshfield; this was likely due to faster emergence and better soil conditions. Use 6 to 12 pounds per acre for forage sorghum and pearl millet. If the crop receives more moisture, it will respond positively. Planting dates For highest yields, and to avoid possible sorghum midge damage, plant as soon as soil temperatures reach a minimum of 60 degrees F at planting depth (reading should be made between 7:00 and 8:00 a.m.). Seed broadcasting should be avoided.The seed should not be sowed more than 2 – 3 cm depth. But those high-yielding corn crops take on average 21 inches of water to achieve. One hectare of sorghum can yield up to 1500kg. A minor change in a seeding rate of a few thousand seeds per acre often results in no significant difference in yield. That's substantially better than the $194 per acre … Share Tweet Email. Grain sorghum yields exceeding 100 bushels per acre have been obtained in Wisconsin (Table 2). Grain sorghum seed size is typically 14,000 to 16,000 seeds per pound, but can range from 9,000 to 22,000 seeds per pound. If producers can obtain prices of $20 to $25 per gallon of sorghum syrup, net returns of more than $2,500 per acre are possible at yield levels of 175 gallons and above. On 40-inch rows with limited irrigation, 5 to 6 seeds per foot are sufficient, and to produce maximum yields with full irrigation 8 seeds per row foot. The main plant components of sorghum yield record is 245.86 bushels per acre board directors. 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